Philosophy Agreement Definition

Philosophy Agreement Definition

Posted by fran | 15 diciembre, 2020

A fundamental question for the philosophy of the language is how the meaning of the use develops. How can we make sense of inherently insignificant linguistic expressions by using them in linguistic practice? Neo-Gricean accounts such as Lewis, Schiffer`s and Bennett provide detailed answers to this question. For example, Lewis isolates a self-immortalizing communication mechanism that systematically links sentences to proposal content. It reduces social conventions to the proposed attitudes of some speakers, and then explains, through social conventions, the importance of use. It thus presents linguistic expressions as content inheriting fancifully satisfied attitudes. In this approach, thought is the main place of intentionality, and language enjoys voluntary content only in a derivative way, through its use in communication transactions. This general view of the relationship between language and thought goes back at least to Book III of Locke`s essay on human understanding. It`s very popular right now. Much of its popularity stems from the widespread perception that Lewis`s report or any other such report successfully explains how language inherits the content of thought.

The theory of the social contract, almost as old as philosophy itself, considers that people`s moral and/or political obligations depend on a contract or agreement between them to form the society in which they live. Socrates uses some kind of social contract argument to explain to Crito why he should stay in prison and accept the death penalty. However, the theory of the social contract is rightly associated with modern moral and political theory and, for the first time, it is fully presented and defended by Thomas Hobbes. After Hobbes, John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau are the best-known supporters of this extremely influential theory which, in the history of the modern West, was one of the most dominant theories of moral and political theory. In the 20th century, moral and political theory regained philosophical momentum thanks to John Rawls` Cantian version of the theory of the social contract, followed by new analyses of the subject by David Gauthier and others. More recently, philosophers have made new criticisms of the theory of social contract from different angles. In particular, feminists and racial philosophers have argued that the theory of the social contract is at least an incomplete picture of our moral and political life and may in fact mask some of the possibilities in which the treaty itself is parasitic on the subjugation of classes of people. Partly in response to such concerns, John Locke stressed the idea of a tacit agreement. Get an unspoken agreement if there has been no explicit agreement, but things are different as if an explicit agreement had taken place.

One of the main challenges is to explain the specific points on which things are as if an explicit agreement is reached. In addition, many philosophers argue that even “as if” agreements call for not explaining linguistic significance. What language would the participants in such an agreement use to conduct their deliberations? Bertrand Russell notes that “[w] it is difficult to assume that a parliament of hitherto voiceless elders meets and agrees to call a cow a cow and a wolf a wolf” (1921, p. 190). W. V. Quine asks, “What is the convention if we can`t think of a summons?” (1969, p. xi). Some philosophers use this argument to show that language is not based on conventions.

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