“This important agreement with the United States for the conservation of the wreck means that it is treated with sensitivity and respect for the last resting place of more than 1,500 lives. The United Kingdom will now work closely with other North Atlantic states to strengthen the protection of the Titanic wreck. The United Kingdom and the United States will now be responsible for granting permits to those who wish to visit the wreck and remove objects. The agreement, signed by the United Kingdom in 2003, was ratified last year by US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo. The agreement will continue to protect the wreck, which was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2012. The United Kingdom will play a leading role in protecting the wreck and will encourage other North Atlantic countries, such as France and Canada, to sign the agreement. It was not until November 18, 2019 that the treaty was ratified by U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo on behalf of the United States.  On that date, the ratification instrument was tabled with the United Kingdom and the agreement came into force.
 The treaty required ratification by only two of the four parties to the negotiations so that it could be effective.  The treaty requires both the United Kingdom and the United States to regulate persons and ships according to their respective jurisdictions in their interactions with the wreck.  In particular, both countries may grant or deny licences to allow entry into the wreckage or to remove objects. The United Kingdom has indicated its intention to push other North Atlantic countries to join the agreement, including Canada and France.  The rmS Titanic shipwreck agreement is a treaty open to all states for the protection of the wreck of the RMS Titanic. Following the passage of the RMS Titanic Maritime Memorial Act in 1986, the United States began negotiations with the United Kingdom, France and Canada in 1997 for an agreement on the protection of the wreck. The agreement was signed by the United Kingdom in 2003 and by the United States in 2004. It was not until 2019 that the United States ratified the agreement and it entered into force on November 18, the date of the ratification instrument. “The RMS Titanic is located two and a half miles below the surface of the sea and is the most documented maritime tragedy in history,” Ghani said in a press release.
“This important agreement with the United States for the conservation of the wreck means that it is treated with sensitivity and respect for the last resting place of more than 1,500 lives.” Negotiations between the United Kingdom, the United States, France and Canada began in 1997 and were concluded by an agreement on January 5, 2000.   The United Kingdom signed the resulting agreement on 6 November 2003 with an “unqualified final signature on ratification” and adopted the “Protection of Wrecks” (RMS Titanic) Order 2003 as part of the Merchant Shipping Act to implement it.  The United States signed the agreement on June 18, 2004.  In announcing the ratification of the agreement by U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, British Transport Minister Nusrat Ghani said the agreement would “ensure that the site is treated with sensitivity and respect for the last resting place of more than 1,500 lives.”