The European social dialogue is one of the most important examples of this new “alternative” mode of governance; In its 2002 communication entitled “European Social Dialogue, a Force for Innovation and Change” (COM (2002) 341 final, 26 June 2002), the Commission declares that social dialogue is “the key to better governance” and calls for greater participation of social partners “on a voluntary basis”. The 2004 communication, entitled “Partnership for Change in an Enlarged Europe – Strengthening the Contribution of European Social Dialogue” (COM (2004) 557 final, 12 August 2004), places particular emphasis on voluntary agreements (called “autonomous agreements” in communication). A voluntary agreement of the company can only be implemented by a judicial administrator who develops a proposal for creditors. A creditors` meeting is held to verify whether the CVA is accepted. As long as 75% (depending on the value of the debt) of the voting creditors agree, the CVA is accepted. All creditors of the company are then subject to the terms of the proposal, whether they have voted or not. Creditors are also not in a position to take further legal action as long as conditions are met and existing legal actions, such as a liquidation decision, are suspended.  For these reasons, the courts have chosen to classify insurance contracts as a general category of membership contracts and to develop somewhat stricter guarantees for the interpretation of insurance contracts (Baker 1994). Insurance contracts have long been regarded as paradigmatic liability contracts (see contracts: legal perspectives). A second form of quantitative restriction is a voluntary agreement between exporters to increase their prices and/or limit their export volumes. These policies are called voluntary price commitments or export restrictions, and although they have many common economic characteristics; they are currently treated differently in the WTO. Indeed, while VERs were reportedly banned in the 1995 safeguard convention, price commitments are made as a result of the 1995 WTO agreement on Antidumping.bh In the context of the European Union, the term `voluntary agreement` generally refers to an agreement which is not the result of a political decision-making process solely within the framework of the official EU institutions (European Commission, Council of the European Union, European Parliament – i.e. the so-called Community method), but mainly the result of negotiations between organisations of legitimate social partners to reach such agreements through EU legislation.
The main failure of a voluntary agreement is that they are not enshrined in EU law. These “autonomous agreements” are “voluntary” because they are concluded with or without the Commission`s initiative, but cannot be implemented by the method of a Council decision under Article 155, paragraph 2, of the EUSVER, although they are “implemented under this provision … specific procedures and procedures applicable to social partners and Member States.” Examples of self-governing interprofessional agreements include telework (2002), work-related stress (2004), harassment and violence in the workplace (2007) and inclusive labour markets (2010). At the sector level, too, there are autonomous agreements – for example. B, “the European licence agreement for drivers performing a cross-border interoperability service” (2004); So far, only one cross-sector agreement – the agreement on protecting workers` health through the proper use of crystalline silica and the products that contain it” (2006) – has been concluded. The correction of externalities, as discussed so far in this chapter, has focused on government intervention in private markets through regulatory approaches such as taxation, authorities and standards. However, if the government works with objectives other than maximizing social welfare [Peltzman (1976)], there is no guarantee that state intervention will achieve social optimum.