Why Did The Sunningdale Agreement Fail Essay

Why Did The Sunningdale Agreement Fail Essay

Posted by fran | 21 diciembre, 2020

These issues were resolved, at least in theory, by the Sunningdale Agreement. This agreement, signed in December 1973, created three political bodies: a proportionally elected Northern Ireland Assembly, an executive government with power shared by nationalists and unionists, and a “Council of Ireland” composed of delegates from Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. The Sunningdale Agreement has sounded the alarm in Northern Ireland, particularly in loyalist circles. Many were outraged that Faulkner, Sunningdale`s chief unionist negotiator, accepted the Irish Council but failed to enforce his own demands (formal recognition of Northern Ireland by Dublin, severe crackdown on IRA suspects in the Republic and new security measures). The Sunningdale Agreement was a first attempt to bring peace to Northern Ireland by encouraging compromise and forming a power-sharing government in the six counties. Sunningdale failed because of loyalist opposition, but his ideas informed nearly 25 years later of the Good Friday Agreement, which was more conclusive. After a lively debate, the representatives of the Unionists finally recognized the formation of an Irish Council. The parties to the negotiations signed the final agreement on 9 December. These issues were resolved, at least in theory, by the Sunningdale Agreement. This agreement, signed in December 1973, created three political bodies: a proportionally elected Northern Ireland Assembly, an executive government with power shared by nationalists and unionists, and a “Council of Ireland” composed of delegates from Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. On 4 January 1974, four weeks after the signing of the agreement, the Ulster Unionist Council voted by 427 votes to 374 against the new Council of Ireland. This forced Faulkner to resign as head of the UUP, although he retained his position as executive chief. On 8 March 1973, the British government conducted its controversial border inquiry, a referendum on whether Northern Ireland should remain in the United Kingdom or meet Ireland.

Catholics boycotted the referendum, leading to a 98% victory for “Remain”. With the economy in jeopardy and the Loyalists not ready to compromise, Faulkner and his coalition council resigned on May 27. This marked the death of the Sunningdale Agreement and the first attempt at power-sharing when Northern Ireland regained power under the British government. Many believed that a compromise solution would put an end to the unrest. If Catholics and nationalists were better represented in government, they argued, support for the Provisional IRA would decline. The origins of the Sunningdale Agreement date back to October 1972, with the development of a Green Paper (Reflection Paper) by Northern Ireland`s Foreign Minister William Whitelaw. Under the title “The Future of Northern Ireland,” Whitelaw described the problems of the six counties and some proposals for solutions. On 4 January 1974, four weeks after the signing of the agreement, the Ulster Unionist Council voted by 427 votes to 374 against the new Council of Ireland. This forced Faulkner to resign as head of the UUP, although he retained his position as executive chief. The 1973 White Paper also called for the creation of the Council of Ireland, a bilateral committee made up of representatives from Belfast and Dublin. In the British general election of February 1974, the Ulster Unionists won 11 seats in the House of Commons, but refused to support the Conservative Party, a protest against the Sunningdale agreement.

It cost Heath and the Conservative government effectively. The Sunningdale Agreement has sounded the alarm in Northern Ireland, particularly in loyalist circles. Many were outraged that Faulkner, Sunningdale`s chief trade union negotiator, accepted the Irish Council but did not impose his own demands (formal recognition of Northern Ireland by Dublin, severe crackdown on IRA suspects in the Republic and new security measures).

Related Blogs

Posted by fran | 25 septiembre 2021
I have an apartment in my father`s name. I am the first owner of the property and my father is a co-owner. Can I enter into a Leave & Licensed...
Posted by fran | 25 septiembre 2021
Student exchanges are always based on agreements between institutions. If you are interested in studying as an exchange student at PskovSU, please first contact the international coordinator of your home...
Posted by fran | 25 septiembre 2021
And the flight number is KL 810. 777 refers to the Boeing 777 they fly on that route. KLM`s policy is not to interline with 2 separate tickets, but it...